The warts are keratosic proliferation, caused by the human papillomavirus. Are commonly small, rough, and hard growths, similar in color to the rest of the skin. They are more common in the hands, face and soles of the feet. The lesions can occur in all ages, although it is more frequent in ages of 5 to 12 years, usually affects both genders equally. They are typically painless except when on the bottom of the feet, where they may be painful. This condition is contagious and can be transmitted through direct contact or secretions from infested areas.
Types of warts
Vulgar warts: Vulgar warts can have numerous shapes and sizes, in addition to appearing any area of the body, being frequent on the fingers, nails, wrists, knees and face
Plantar warts: A plantar wart is a wart that occurs on the bottom of the foot or the toes. Its color is similar to that of the surrounding skin, where small blood vessels appear in the form of black spots on the surface. They can appear from one to several in the same area. They are usually painful when we walk or apply pressure on them.
Treatment of Vulgar Warts
Warts usually disappear spontaneously, in a few months or years, depending on the immunological status of the patient. When they disappear there are no scars.
The best way to prevent the appearance or the elimination of this skin disease , it is stimulating the immune system.
Depending on the size reached and the area in which it is located, caustic substances or surgical methods can be used for its elimination. The use of liquid nitrogen (cryosurgery) or laser are less invasive than electrosurgery, and will not leave sequels in the hands of an experienced specialist.
We do not recommend the above methods when the extent of the disease is considerable. In these cases should be used stimulants of the immune system such as lebamisol and interferon.
Treatment of Plantar Warts
Due to the characteristics of the skin and its location, electrofulguration or liquid nitrogen it is not recommended. These methods would produce a very painful blister that would not heal due to the friction of the footwear. Failing this, the affected skin should be removed with a scalpel and then use caustic or acid substances. This procedure should be repeated periodically until the complete disappearance of the plantar warts.