Genital wart or condyloma is a very common disease. The human papillomavirus is responsible for causing the disease. Peoples get infected by direct contact during intercourse with an infected person. The use of condoms do not guaranty 100 % protection. The virus may infect the new host, even when no symptoms of infection are shown.
Genital Wart Symptoms
Condylomas don’t have a specific shape. They can be elongated or flat and depending on the location and the state of the patient’s immune status. They can appear in isolated forms, or in the form of clusters. They do not cause pain unless they are inside the vagina or anus, making sexual contact painful.
How to diagnose Genital warts at home?
The easiest way is to apply vinegar (3 – 5% acetic acid) on the lesion. You may use a cotton wool stick, waiting for 5 minutes. After this, if the test is positive, all condylomas will turn white.
Treatment of Genital warts.
For the treatment of genital warts, there are basically two choices.
- The Home Treatments
- Those that are received from a specialist, usually a dermatologist.
These treatments range from topical treatments to surgical procedures. Depending on the severity of the infection, sometimes treatments requires more than one intervention to remove genital warts completely.
When there are condylomas in the near the vagina or anus, it is necessary to do a gynecological and rectus examination. There are probabilities that some of warts have grown inside of the vagina, or rectum.
The main factors that determine the type of treatment to eliminate genital warts are:
- Number and size of warts.
- Location of genital warts.
- Cost of treatment.
- Possible adverse effects on the patient.
- Comfort and privacy of treatment.
In general, warts that appear on moist or intertriginous areas respond better to topical treatment. The condyloma vanish within 1 to 3 months after topical therapy.
Genital Warts Treatment.
The topical treatments are recommended to get rid of genital warts that are exposed. In cases of genital warts in the vagina, urethra, cervix, uterus, and anus, The surgical procedure should be used (cryogenic surgery). When it is performed by an experienced specialist it is quick, painless and leaves no scar.
Treatment of genital warts at home is done using topical medications. These medications may be prescribed by your primary care physician or purchased without a prescription. Here is a list of the products used in the treatment of genital warts with the best results
Products used to remove condyloma.
- Imiquimod topical: Also known as Aldara or Zyclara. It enhances the host immune system to fight the HPV. This gel is used in alternate days, resting the weekend. The average retail price in its generic version of is around $30.99s
- Podofilox topical: Commercialized in the USA as Condylox or Condyline in Canada. Podofilox works by destroying the skin of the wart. This medicine is caustic and usually applied in the morning weekly. Some side effects may occur during the treatment as blistering, crusting, or scabbing. This product has an average retail price from $100 to $118 USD (Walgreens, Rite Aid, Walmart ).
- Sinecatechins topical: Commercialized in the USA as Veregen or Polyphenon E. This medication enhances the host immune system. Only in patients older than 18 years. This medicine is applied 3 times a day in the form of a thin layer on the condylomas. They usually disappear within a period of 16 weeks. This medication should be used in exposed areas. The average retail price (15g gel) is $398 USD
Having genital warts is annoying and stressful. It is frequent that patients to be ashamed and hesitate to go to the medical clinic. Another factor of demotivation is economic, not all those affected have medical insurance to cover the treatment.
In some cases, the patient usually self-medicates. This is undesirable and very dangerous, as far from treating the disease can make it worse.
The diagnosis of genital warts or condylomas is relatively easy to diagnose. But we emphatic recommend visiting your family doctor in case of any changes in the genital area.