Benzoyl peroxide is a substance of organic origin, which has exfoliating, comedogenic, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties by which benzoyl peroxide is widely used in the treatment of acne, mainly in inflammatory acne.
Benzoyl Peroxide Benefits.
This medicine acts on several factors that affect the formation of acne. Its use in the treatment of mild or moderate acne is essential.
- Exfoliating: Removes dead skin cells, favoring the replacement of it.
- Keratolytic: Cleans and unclogs the pores of dead cells rich in keratins, causing the formation of comedones.
- Lipophilic: By penetrating the pilosebaceous unit, it reduces the production of bait by the sebaceous glands.
- Antibacterial: It is a broad spectrum antibacterial, which eliminates Cutibacterium acnes, one of the causes of acne outbreaks.
- Anti-inflammatory: Reduces the inflammation of comedones, facilitating the treatment and recovery of the lesions present in acne.
In 90% of acne treatments, dermatologists indicate the use of BPO. It is a very effective and versatile drug with few adverse effects. That is why your choice does not require medical prescription, even at its maximum available concentration (10%). Depending on the phase in which your acne is found, its severity, type of skin (oily, sensitive, normal or mixed), will be the type and concentration indicated.
Benzoyl Peroxide Products
There are a wide variety of products that contain benzoyl peroxide. Among the most used are the benzoyl peroxide washes in their variants benzoyl peroxide face wash and benzoyl peroxide body wash. Apart from these, you can find it in the form of benzoyl peroxide gel and benzoyl peroxide cream.
These appear in different presentations and concentrations being the most powerful benzoyl peroxide 10%, followed by benzoyl peroxide 5% and finally the milder, benzoyl peroxide 2.5%.
There are products specially designed for the treatment of acne. These contain a mixture of 2 or more substances used in the treatment of acne, which when mixed, complement each other and make a more effective product. This is the case of clindamycin benzoyl peroxide and the adapalene benzoyl peroxide.
Benzoyl Peroxide wash.
These can be used in the treatment of mild or moderate acne. The appropriate way to use them is to apply them and leave them on the surface of the skin for 2 to 5 minutes, so that the BPO penetrates the skin, eliminates bacteria and removes dead cells and the excess oil that usually obstructs the pilosebaceous units, causing acne breakouts After this, swallow the area abundantly and continue with the rest of the treatment, these are usually based on retinoids such as adapalene and moisturizers specially designed for acne-prone skin, such as dermacontrol oil moisturizer cetaphil, which has the additional advantage of being sunscreen.
There is a wide variety of cleaners whose main ingredient is the BPO, some of them from respectable brands such as Neutrogena or La Roche-Posay, CeraVe, Perrigo and many others. Here you may find some of the best Benzoyl peroxide products on the market today.
Benzoyl Peroxide gel.
Gels, denser than cleaners, are absorbed much more slowly, although their action on the skin is more durable. That is why its use is recommended in cases of moderate or severe acne, when the number of lessons is greater, or the size of comedones, black heads and white heads are considerable so they require more exposure to the drug. In these cases, the application of the gel directly on the lesions is recommended.
Benzoyl Peroxide Side Effects
Side effects such as peeling, itching, irritation and redness of the skin usually occur when using benzoyl peroxide. This happens in the first days of treatment, until the skin adapts to the medication. The appearance of these side effects depend on the concentration and the frequency used. If you have any of these symptoms, you should reduce the frequency of your application and even decrease your concentration.
Hypersensitivity: BPO Wash 2.5%, 5% and 10% should not be used in patients who have shown hypersensitivity to benzoyl peroxide or to any of the other ingredients in the products.
Vitamin C products: Benzoyl peroxide is an excellent medicine against acne, but should not be used in conjunction with products derived from vitamin C. While these products are excellent for your skin on their own, their properties cancel each other when applied at the same time . If you want to favor your skin of its high antioxidant power, which stimulates the production of collagen and helps reduce the signs of aging by repairing the damage caused by free radicals and the sun, use them on alternate days to obtain the greatest amount of benefits of each one.
Pregnancy: The use of benzoyl peroxide during pregnancy is discouraged. This is classified as category C, indicating that there is no evidence on the incidence of this drug on the fetus. So it is best to abstain from using it during pregnancy.
Age: Safety and effectiveness in children below the age of 12 have not been established
Bleaching power: Bleaching power of benzoyl peroxide: Being a peroxide, as is the hydrogen peroxide used in hair discolorations, so it is recommended to avoid contact with clothing and fabrics, as this can discolor them.